Sustainable Resources and Waste Recovery
The 20th century model of the energy industry involved the generation of energy by a small group of entities via a controlled distribution system. If the energy and environmental challenges of the 21st century are to be met, then the energy system must reach the same level of local generation and global sharing that typifies the internet. There can still be centralized large generation, but this must be integrated with local generation and storage. Vast energy waste within the industrial sector is predominantly due to heat. The ability to convert this waste heat energy into a useful form (electricity/hydrogen) in an economically viable process has potential to not only lower industries energy costs, but also reduce raw material consumption. The recycling of industrial chemical waste (including water) through low energy processing offers further overall resource and energy savings. The relationship between the water used for energy production and the energy consumed to extract, purify, deliver, heat/cool, treat and dispose of water (and wastewater) offers an important interrelationship between energy and the provision of clean and abundant water as a keystone of thriving communities.
- Reducing Industrial Carbon Emissions (RICE) - Deploy pilot scale systems for both reduction of CO2 emissions and valorisation of CO2, enabling the creation of new business and lowering the barrier to adoption through techno-economic feasibility of the entire value chain, and have the potential for a significant social and economic impact, notably in terms of job creation, economic growth and safe and innovation of energy systems technologies across Wales.
- Flexible Integrated Energy Systems (FLEXIS)- Develop an energy systems research capability in Wales which will build on the world class capability that already exists in Welsh universities.
- UK Centre for Marine Energy Research (UKCMER) - To coordinate research in renewable electricity generation using the power of the waves, tidal currents and floating wind turbines.
- Ferrous by-product recycling using microwave technology (FERMAT) - Microwave transformation of unusable ferrous by-products into a high value material for steel making.
- Novel C-Bond coating to enable light weighting of glass product (C-Bond) - Increase glass strength, enabling light-weighting of glass products for energy reduction.
- Solar energy harvesting and hydrogen production as green feedstock for CO2 to fuels – Preparation of Iron oxide based Jjanus nanoparticles on soluble substrates for photocatalytic water splitting
- King Saud University-Swansea University Collaborative (K(SU)2) - Collaborative research for energy solutions
- Quantification, optimisation and environmental impacts of marine renewable energy (QUOTIENT) - The interaction of waves, tides and ocean turbulence and the impact on ocean energy devices across a range of scales from turbine blade to continental shelf.
- Solar Photovoltaic Academic Research Consortium (SPARC II) - Development of novel power conversion technology; Development of PV emulator systems.
- Piezoelectric flag (IAA) - Development of novel wind to power concepts.
- Human to hydrogen energy experience - @TheHydogenBike - Outreach project for energy storage as hydrogen.
- Greener Swansea – Designing new wind energy generation systems.
- Green low surface energy materials – Creating superhydrophobic surfaces.
- Treatment of industrial waste water containing chlorocarbons - Membrane purification of contaminated ground water.
- Membranes for produced water treatment - New technology for non-fouling membranes to allow for low energy treatment of frack flowback and produced waters.
- Membranes for desalination pre-treatment- New technology for retrofitting non-fouling membranes to allow for low energy treatment of drinking waters.