Carbon Dioxide Valorisation and Long-Term Sequestration
An historic agreement was achieved between 55 countries, at the COP21 meeting in Paris in 2015, to limit the global temperature rise associated with climate change to 1.5 °C. The agreement calls for zero net anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions to be reached during the second half of the 21st century. Three approaches can be envisaged for lowering global CO2: a) decreasing emissions, b) carbon capture and storage (CCS), including both biological and geological sequestration, and c) chemical conversion to alternative useful compounds. The first of these approaches is generally the one politically mandated, it is important to note that lowering local emissions does not necessarily equate to lowering global emissions. While long term lowering of global emissions is clearly desirable, CCS offers the best near-term possibility until global infrastructure has evolved, while chemical conversion reduces the use of raw materials and it will provide a route to a wide range of chemicals.
- Reducing Industrial Carbon Emissions (RICE) - Deploy pilot scale systems for both reduction of CO2 emissions and valorisation of CO2, enabling the creation of new business and lowering the barrier to adoption through techno-economic feasibility of the entire value chain, and have the potential for a significant social and economic impact, notably in terms of job creation, economic growth and safe and innovation of energy systems technologies across Wales.
- "Be tradition" a unique film about CO2 utilisation and energy sustainability.
- Flexible Integrated Energy Systems (FLEXIS) - Develop an energy systems research capability in Wales which will build on the world class capability that already exists in Welsh universities.
- Enabling CO2 sequestration using Proppants Optimised for Pure Propane Stimulation (ECO PrOPPS) - Develop a ‘activated’ on-demand proppant to seal up a shale gas well at the end of life to sequester CO2.
- Solar Energy Harvesting and Hydrogen Production as Green Feedstock for CO2 to Fuels – Preparation of Iron oxide based Jjanus nanoparticles on soluble substrates for photocatalytic water splitting
- Metal-organic frameworks based on phosphonate ligands for CO2 capture – Design and development of a new generation of highly stable microporous materials for carbon dioxide capture.
- King Saud University-Swansea University Collaborative (K(SU)2) - Collaborative research for energy solutions
- Low-cost novel catalysts for the valorisation of CO2 in homogenous phase – Homogeneous catalysts for the conversion of CO2.
- Polymer-promoted Cu-catalysed conversion of CO2 to CH4 - Focused on preparing new catalytic materials for the conversion of CO2 to CH4 and/or other relevant hydrocarbons.
- Building New Bridges for Low Carbon Energy - One-day symposium to establish collaborative links among key stakeholders in Wales to address CO2 capture and utilisation, and biofuels production.
- In-Situ Studies of Copper Oxide Stability Under Aqueous CO2 Electro-Reduction Conditions - Beamtime at the European Synchrotron Research Facility (ESRF) to study copper electrode surface under CO2 electro-reduction conditions.